Natural and human disturbances have non-linear effects on whole-ecosystem carbon persistence in an African savanna (Preprint)

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Titles:Main Title: Natural and human disturbances have non-linear effects on whole-ecosystem carbon persistence in an African savanna (Preprint)
Alternative Title: Whole-ecosystem carbon persistence
Description:Abstract: Disturbance-mediated shifts in carbon persistence – the inverse likelihood of experiencing severe losses due to disturbances – within terrestrial ecosystems remain poorly understood despite their critical role in global carbon dynamics. Moreover, huge uncertainties in estimating carbon storage in disturbance-prone dryland ecosystems renders the assessment of their contribution to the global carbon budget difficult. This study investigated the effects of land-use change on carbon storage in an African savanna landscape, focusing on agricultural intensification and wildlife conservation as major land-use change pathways that alter disturbance regimes. We adapted conventional tree inventory and soil sampling methods to suit dryland ecosystems, enabling robust quantification of carbon storage for aboveground and belowground carbon in woody vegetation (AGC and BGC, respectively), and soil organic carbon (SOC) across land-use pathways and two vegetation types (savannas and woodlands). For assessing the effects of environmental drivers on AGC, and whole-ecosystem carbon (Ctotal), Generalized Additive Mixed Models were used. Results indicate different carbon persistence across carbon reservoirs, vegetation types and along land-use change pathways. Shrub AGC always was the least persistent carbon reservoir in savannas. Compared to shrub AGC in low-disturbance sites, it decreased on average by 56% along the conservation pathway and by 90% along the intensification pathway. Tree AGC was the least persistent reservoir along the intensification pathway in woodlands, with decreases of 95%. Elevated SOC stocks, particularly along the intensification pathway, suggest preferential use of naturally carbon-richer soils for agriculture. Strong unimodal impacts of disturbance agents, notably large herbivores and woodcutting, on AGC and Ctotal indicate that intermediate disturbance levels benefit carbon storage. Our findings suggest complex, interactive effects of natural and human disturbances on the carbon persistence of ecosystem compartments and whole-ecosystem carbon, and highlight the substantial role of locally adapted disturbance regimes for carbon sequestration, offering insights crucial for carbon certification programmes in drylands.
Identifier:10.5880/TRR228DB.20 (DOI)
Responsible Party
Creators:Liana Kindermann (Author), Alexandra Sandhage-Hofmann (Author), Wulf Amelung (Author), Jan Börner (Author), Magnus Dobler (Author), Ezequiel Chimbioputo Fabiano (Author), Maximilian Meyer (Author), Anja Linstädter (Principal Investigator)
Publisher:TRR228 Database (TRR228DB)
Publication Year:2024
Topic
TRR228 Topic:Ecology
Related Subproject:A1
Subjects:Keywords: Carbon Storage Dynamics, Soil Carbon, Vegetation, Social Ecological Transformation, Biodiversity, Land Use Change, Conservation Areas
Geogr. Information Topic:Biota
File Details
Filename:Kindermann-et-al_Main-and-Suppl.pdf
Data Type:Data Paper - Preprint
File Size:842 KB
Dates:Available: 24.05.2024
Submitted: 17.05.2024
Mime Type:application/pdf
Data Format:PDF
Language:English
Status:Completed
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Download Permission:Free
General Access and Use Conditions:According to the TRR228DB data policy agreement.
Access Limitations:According to the TRR228DB data policy agreement.
Licence:[Creative Commons] Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)
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Specific Information - Report
Report Date:17th of May, 2024
Report Type:Preprint
Report City:Potsdam
Report Institution:Biodiversity Research / systematic Botany, University of Potsdam
Metadata Details
Metadata Creator:Liana Kindermann
Metadata Created:24.05.2024
Metadata Last Updated:27.05.2024
Subproject:A1
Funding Phase:2
Metadata Language:English
Metadata Version:V50
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